Al-Jawf Province

At the crossroads of ancient trade routes

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As a zone where Mediterranean and Asiatic cultures came into contact, the al Jawf Region is of crucial importance for the history of Arabia and the ancient Near East. The region contains a vast range of archaeological sites from different eras stretching from the Paleolithic to the 19th century.

The name al Jawf, which means “cavity, depression” in Arabic, refers to the geomorphology of the area, which is characterized by wide wâdîs (valleys or beds of seasonal streams) and huge plains that give the region its varied appearance, with altitudes varying from 500m to 980m.

Here are the main sites to visit in Al-Jawf Province:

Dumat Al-Jandal
A timeless oasis (author: Florent Egal)[...]
Qasr Zaba’al
The Watchtower of Sakaka (author: Florent Egal with extracts from "Dûmat Al-Jandal, l'antique Adummatu", Guillaume Charloux (CNRS), Romolo Loreto (University[...]
Rajajil
The Stonehenge of Saudi Arabia (author: Florent Egal with extracts from "The Socio-Hydrolic Foundations of Oasis Life in NW Arabia:[...]
Ancient villages of Dumat Al-Jandal (photo: Florent Egal)

Ancient villages of Dumat Al-Jandal (photo: Florent Egal)


At the crossroads of ancient trade routes (author: Florent Egal with extracts from “Dûmat Al-Jandal, l’antique Adummatu”, Guillaume Charloux (CNRS), Romolo Loreto (University of Naples), EADS publication)

About the Author

My name is Florent Egal, I am a French national living in Riyadh since January 2010. After six years of exploration of Saudi Arabia I have decided to show with this website that KSA has much more to offer than the stereotype landscape of empty extends of sand dunes. I hope that after reading through these pages people will feel the same willingness and amazement than I have to discover this fascinating country